Lens manufacturers pour large chunks of money into research and development of faster and sharper lenses. Zooms are now the standard where at one time, if you wanted a sharp image, they were considered amateurish at best. The sharp zooms of today combined with precise auto focus technology allow tack-sharp images to be made all the time. Ironically, out-of-focus areas in a photograph are equally as important as sharp ones. Perhaps you've heard the term, bokeh. It's a Japanese word that means blur and relates to the aesthetic quality of the out of focus areas of the photo. Herein lies the connection with selective focus.
|Focus was placed on the letter L|
Camera Settings: 100mm, 1/30 , f/3.2
With macro subjects, selective focus is frequently used. This is true for two reasons. Aesthetically, it's a powerful way to draw the attention of the viewer to a specific spot of the subject. Technically, it's more difficult to attain a lot of depth of field in that the subjects are small. This dictates shooting at small apertures that often involves the use of flash or other intricate lighting set up. On a large scale, place a person in the middle of a field of wildflowers. Photograph him or her with a long lens, create distance between you and the subject, select a wide-open aperture, and put the focus point on the person. The foreground and background flowers fall out of focus and just the subject is sharp. To reiterate, selective focus is used to de-emphasize foreground and background elements and render a targeted element sharp.
|Focus was placed on the snow flakes on the windshield|
Camera settings: 72mm, 1/20, f/6.3
Lesson 3 - Take a photo using selective focus and post it in the facebook group.
This tutorial was inspired by Outdoor Photographer
|Focus was placed on the large red knob.|
Camera settings: 50 mm, 1/15, f/1.8